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An experiment was carried out to assess the effect of Sweet Talk, a text messaging support system for patients with

Question:

An experiment was carried out to assess the effect of Sweet Talk, a text messaging support system for patients with diabetes ("A Randomized Controlled Trial of Sweet Talk," Diabetic Medicine [2006]: $1332-1338$ ). Participants in the experiment were 92 patients, age 8 to 18 , with type I diabetes who had been on conventional insulin treatment for at least one year. Participants were assigned at random to one of three experimental groups: Group 1: continued conventional insulin therapy Group 2: continued conventional insulin therapy with Sweet Talk support Group 3: followed a new intensive insulin therapy with Sweet Talk support


Answers

Analyze Insulin is a protein that functions as an impor-
tant hormone in the human body. People who are dia-
betic often do not produce enough insulin, and must
inject themselves with an insulin solution to maintain
their health. Use Figure 23.35 to infer how a person
should care for a bottle of insulin.

.

Hello, everyone, and welcome diabetes results when either insulin cannot be produced or does not function properly. Consequently, diabetes concludes complications such as blindness, heart disease and kidney disease help manage diabetes. A patient can get insulin injections. How do insulin injections promote a negative feedback loop to help maintain blood glucose production? Okay, so let's say that our baseline glucose levels that should be a healthy level would be right around here. But after a meal when we're just consumed, a lot of food are glucose levels are high, they're at this level.

And so when we get the injection, when we got an insulin injection, let's say right over here, um, our blood glucose, I was actually drop back down to normal. And so it's a negative feedback loop because it restores it back to its original commission. Um, where's the positive feedback loop will keep amplifying the condition and making it like a cascading effect. So this is a negative feedback loop, and, um, it actually allows the in the wage to decreases. The blood group locals level in your blood stream is by allowing the transport and storage of glucose, which decreases the blood pools that was, um, after a meal.

And so let's take a look at which of the, um, options. Ah, it says something similar. So, um parte de, um, Choice T says that insulin injections allowed the transport and storage of glucose to decrease the glucose levels after consuming a larger high glucose meal. And this brings it back down to its base land level. And it isn't negative feedback loop.

So our answer is going to be D. Thank you for watching, and I hope this helped..

Out Type one diabetes type one diabetes posted. Two. Diabetes is an autoimmune disorder or basically the cells of the pancreas and Avalon produce insulin. So insolent is obviously the protein that allows our bodies to take in sugar and process that, but without insulin, what group of trouble? They're extremely high because there is no mechanism by which Blue Post can enter settles. So basically, uh, it is an auto immune disorder because there are the production of auto antibodies, which target the cells of the pancreas and target them for destruction so that no is one could be produced.

So what's he? Which name is true? Ace Is that people with, um, Type one diabetes? Um, it says that there be cells produced I G molecules in response to a harmless protein which costs histamine to be released. Eso This is talking about the concept of allergies, and so it's not really related to auto immune disorders. So we can over maybe I am sorry a basis There be so's responded to a self protein yes, to produce auto antibodies. Yes, which was sitting information that caused organ damage. Yes, So this is a common or this is a characteristic in people with type one diabetes.

And yes, they do produce auto antibodies. So B is true, sees this. They had a delayed response to a harmful approaching that entered the body and activated both the innate and adaptive immune systems. Um, so the problem I have here is both innate and adaptive immunity. So we're mostly talking about B cells, which is adaptive immunity, and innate is having to do with non specific barriers so we could eliminate C and D says that they acquired antibodies to insulin through passive immunity, and these antibodies bind to it insulin, whatever, whenever it is produced in the body of the antibodies buying to the cells of the pancreas, first of all, and they're not acquired through passive immunity, so we could eliminate d.

So that s o the correct answer we can say is be there. Be cells responded to a self protein to produce auto any bodies which elicited inflammation that cost organ.

So in this problem, we're gonna be looking at how out wires impact a scatter plot. I'm gonna be doing this in Excel. However, you need to do this in a graphing calculator. I will include the steps for that at the end. So first, we're gonna be making a scatter plot of the data.

I'm gonna do free because later on in the problem, we're gonna need to separate the data into these three sections. The all right. So here is the data set and excel. I just highlight two columns go to insert, and then over here are the scatter quiets. So this is gonna be the one of all of them.

The next one we want is without number 15. So to do that, I'm gonna highlight all of arm and hold control on Mac. It might be different, maybe, Commander, and then click on the two. We want to get rid of so the same thing again and start in your scattered quite. And I'll reach title this one without 15 a.

So now I'm gonna make one without 18 on all title this one accordingly and next, we need to find the correlation for all three categories and then I'm gonna do the first part of part C at the same time, we're gonna make the regression line for all three categories of doing this and excel. We could just click on the crab if this plus fun in it. Check the trendline, barks and go to more options. And from there will put display equation on charts and display r squared on charts and I'll move those up here. So I'm just gonna go and do that with the over to now and trendline equation and r squared value if either too small to see all right them down at the end of China.

So don't worry if you can't see you trendline more options equation and r squared. I don't now, don't this copy these down? This is our square that we don't want our squared. We want our The reason why R squared is called R squared is because it's literally just are square. So to get our all we have to dio is take the square root of r squared. So I'm gonna go back into a problem and I'll write down what we have so far.

So our first equation put these in. Warrior Bar is equal to point or 82 and why is equal to 10 points or 08 x plus 66.4 to 9. So about 15 we get our is equal 2.568 and why is equal to 8.924 x, who s 69.487? Let about 18. We get our is equal 2.53 free and why is equal to 12 0.194 x plus 53.913 So let's take a look at the second half of part B. Do either of these outliers influence the correlation? Why did our change with these points? So as we're looking at these points, if you notice are seems to be higher without 15 18 however, it's not really that that big of a difference.

So do either of these out wires influence the correlation. A little banza. It raises it a little bit. Now, why does it raise it a little bit? Well, without those out, wire points are graph is now able to be a lot more accurate at measuring all the other points, so any correlation we get is going to be much more accurate. So these two higher numbers are likely to be more accurate.

So now we're going to make our regression line already did that. Do either of these outliers influence the lying? So we just take a look at them. We don't see a heavy amount of influencia. So again, the answer is a little bag. What we do see, though, is that the slope appears to be changing either up or down.

Our default was 10 of the slope when we removed 15 it went down to about nine and then we were removed, 18 it up to about 12. So removing these out wires gave us a changing swell. So, for example, and this one we lost this high point out wire over here went away about 15 resulting in a lower slope because now the average point is a little bit lower. Whereas in this bottom graph, it went up a little bit because that point far off to the right as it is on the lower half. So removing it raised Arsal ova.

So that looks like that's everything you need for this line. Here are the calculator steps to do this, you could take a screenshot off this, that this will explain how to enter data into your calculator, how to make a scatter plot to get r and r squared. And this is a one time setting. So if you've already done this, you can skip this and then finally, how to make the regression equation, which will have our in our square. And there are some pictures to help you do that, too.

If you aren't using a T I calculator, most books will usually have a tutorial on how to do stuff like this for various different calculators. So you might be able to find these steps in your textbook till, and I think we're going..

Everybody, This is Ricky. And today I'm gonna watch you through a problem. Number 14. Chapter 40 will be comparing type one and type two diabetes mellitus. So type one, it's congenital.

You're born with it. Thought to be genetic test to start to be genetic, but you it is acquired, um, through lifestyle. Um, type one has a faulty insulin abduction or faulty pancreas. Take two. We have insulin insensitivity, so our bodies just doesn't respond to insulin anymore.

Um, type one to be managed with insulin injections type too. We can manage with diet and exercise. All right, so looking at our answer choices, um, you see that our answer choice A is only one that makes sense for type two diabetes. Insulin is produced but not used because we're insensitive. Type one was Look is caused by a lack of insulin.

So he was hopeful. See, in the next one.

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